The principal female sex hormone – estrogen – is responsible for growth and maturation of female reproductive tissues, but is also an important part of the male endocrine system (albeit at much lower concentrations). There are three major estrogenic hormones produced in the steroidogenesis pathway of humans: estradiol, estriol, and estrone. Per molar unit, estradiol […]

If you had the chance to read our complete guide to whey protein then you might be wondering if there are any economical ways to make protein powder yourself. Unbeknownst to many people, you can actually make both whey and casein protein in the comfort of your home with only two ingredients – skim milk and […]

Whey protein is arguably the most popular food supplement available, largely because protein is the imperative for those looking to build muscle.  Aside from the multitude of functions proteins have in the human body, they’re also the key regulator/substrate for muscular (and other tissue) hypertrophy. Needless to say, if you’re putting in countless hours in […]

Flexible Dieting has made quite an impact on health and fitness culture over the last decade, and naturally, it has garnered many advocates and many opposers. The reality is that flexible dieting isn’t really anything special; it’s just a science-based approach to eating. Science (and especially nutritional science) doesn’t lend itself to sweeping statements. This […]

In this installment, we will look at exactly what body composition is, specifically in terms of health and fitness and how to best measure it. Human body composition Body composition is somewhat of a vague term since technically/scientifically it refers to the complete elemental makeup of a human organism. For those who are curious as […]